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Citation Styles: NLM


Citing Medicine Cover


Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers provides assistance to:

  • authors in compiling lists of references for their publications
  • editors in revising such lists
  • publishers in setting reference standards for authors and editors
  • librarians and others in formatting bibliographic citations


Citing Medicine is published by the U.S. government and is not subject to copyright protection. Material in this publication may be used without permission, however, you should acknowledge this source in any published writing.


  • The National Library of Medicine intends Citing Medicine to be an evolving publication. Join the CITINGMED LISTSERV at to learn of additions and changes.
  • Your comments and suggestions are always welcome and can be submitted via the National Library of Medicine's Contact Form.